Version: 0.1.8

Run Python Functions

Pulsar Functions is a succinct computing abstraction that Apache Pulsar enables users to express simple ETL and streaming tasks. Currently, Function Mesh supports using Java, Python, or Go programming language to define a YAML file of the Functions.

This document describes how to run Python Functions. To run a Python Functions in Function Mesh, you need to package the Functions and then submit it to a Pulsar cluster.

Package Python Functions

After developing and testing your Pulsar Functions , you need to package it so that it can be submitted to a Pulsar cluster. You can package Python Functions to external packages (one Python file or ZIP file) or Docker images.

Python Functions packages

This section describes how to package a Python Functions and upload it to the Pulsar package management service.

Build Python Functions packages

This section describes how to build packages for Python Functions.

Prerequisites
  • Apache Pulsar 2.8.0 or higher
  • Function Mesh v0.1.3 or higher

Python Function supports One Python file or ZIP file.

  • One Python file

  • ZIP file

  • One Python file

    This example shows how to package a Python Functions with the one Python file.

    from pulsar import Function // import the Function module from Pulsar
    # The classic ExclamationFunction that appends an exclamation at the end
    # of the input
    class ExclamationFunction(Function):
    def __init__(self):
    pass
    def process(self, input, context):
    return input + '!'

    In this example, when you write a Python Functions, you need to inherit the Function class and implement the process() method.

    The process() method mainly has two parameters:

    • input represents your input.
    • context represents an interface exposed by the Pulsar Function. You can get the attributes in the Python Functions based on the provided context object.
  • ZIP file

    To package a Python Functions with the ZIP file in Python, you need to prepare a ZIP file. The following is required when packaging the ZIP file of the Python Function.

    Assuming the zip file is named as `func.zip`, unzip the `func.zip` folder:
    "func/src"
    "func/requirements.txt"
    "func/deps"

    Take exclamation.zip as an example. The internal structure of the example is as follows.

    .
    ├── deps
    │ └── sh-1.12.14-py2.py3-none-any.whl
    └── src
    └── exclamation.py

Upload Python Function packages

Use the pulsar-admin CLI tool to upload the package to the Pulsar package management service.

Note

Before uploading the package to Pulsar package management service, you need to enable the package management service in the broker.config file.

This example shows how to upload the package of the my-function@0.1 Functions to the Pulsar package management service.

bin/pulsar-admin packages upload function://my-tenant/my-ns/my-function@0.1 --path "/path/to/package-file" --description PACKAGE_DESCRIPTION

Then, you can define Function CRDs by specifying the uploaded Python Functions package.

Docker images

This section describes how to package a Python Functions to a Docker image.

Prerequisites

  • Apache Pulsar 2.7.0 or higher
  • Function Mesh v0.1.3 or higher

Build Docker images

To build a Docker image, follow these steps.

  1. Package your Python Functions. For details, see package Pulsar functions.

  2. Define a Dockerfile.

    This example shows how to define a Dockerfile with a JAR package (example-function.jar) of the Python Functions.

    # Use pulsar-functions-python-runner since we pack python function
    FROM streamnative/pulsar-functions-python-runner:2.7.1
    # Copy function JAR package into /pulsar directory
    COPY example-function.jar /pulsar/

Then, you can push the Functions Docker image into an image registry (such as the Docker Hub, or any private registry) and use the Functions Docker image to configure and submit the Functions to a Pulsar cluster.

Submit Python Functions

After packaging your Pulsar Functions, you can submit your Pulsar Functions to a Pulsar cluster. This section describes how to submit a Python Functions through a Functions CRD. You can use the image field to specify the runner image use for creating the Python Functions. You can also specify the location where the package or the Docker image is stored.

  1. Define a Python Functions by using a YAML file and save the YAML file.

    • This example shows how to publish a python-function-sample Functions to a Pulsar cluster by using a JAR package called function://my-tenant/my-ns/my-function@0.1.

      apiVersion: compute.functionmesh.io/v1alpha1
      kind: Function
      metadata:
      name: python-function-sample
      namespace: default
      spec:
      image: streamnative/pulsar-functions-python-runner:2.7.1 # using python function runner
      className: exclamation_function.ExclamationFunction
      forwardSourceMessageProperty: true
      maxPendingAsyncRequests: 1000
      replicas: 1
      maxReplicas: 5
      logTopic: persistent://public/default/logging-function-logs
      input:
      topics:
      - persistent://public/default/python-function-input-topic
      typeClassName: java.lang.String
      output:
      topic: persistent://public/default/python-function-output-topic
      typeClassName: java.lang.String
      pulsar:
      pulsarConfig: "test-pulsar"
      python:
      py: exclamation_function.py
      pyLocation: ""
      # use package name:
      # pyLocation: function://public/default/nul-py-test-function@v1
      # to be delete & use admission hook
    • This example shows how to publish a python-function-sample Functions to a Pulsar cluster by using a Docker image.

      apiVersion: compute.functionmesh.io/v1alpha1
      kind: Function
      metadata:
      name: python-function-sample
      namespace: default
      spec:
      image: streamnative/example-function-image:latest # using function image here
      className: exclamation_function.ExclamationFunction
      forwardSourceMessageProperty: true
      maxPendingAsyncRequests: 1000
      replicas: 1
      maxReplicas: 5
      logTopic: persistent://public/default/logging-function-logs
      input:
      topics:
      - persistent://public/default/python-function-input-topic
      typeClassName: java.lang.String
      output:
      topic: persistent://public/default/python-function-output-topic
      typeClassName: java.lang.String
      pulsar:
      pulsarConfig: "test-pulsar"
      python:
      py: exclamation_function.py
      pyLocation: ""
      # use package name:
      # pyLocation: function://public/default/nul-py-test-function@v1
      # to be delete & use admission hook
  2. Apply the YAML file to create the Python Functions.

    kubectl apply -f /path/to/YAML/file
  3. Check whether the Python Functions is created successfully.

    kubectl get all